Where Does Canola Oil Come From?

When you purchase canola oil from a grocery store, it has come from small beginnings! From farm to table, canola production looks something like this:

  • 1

    Plant the seed

    Farmers use a piece of equipment called a drill or planter to place the canola seeds. They are planted at a relatively shallow depth (0.5” to 1.5") with four to ten plants per square foot.

  • 2

    Watch it grow and blossom

    Spring canola takes about 50 days from planting to flowering and continues growing to its full height of about four feet. Winter canola often takes four months after January 1 to begin flowering and can be five to seven feet tall at maturity.

  • 3

    Harvest the seeds from the pod

    Canola seeds grow in pods with about 20-40 seeds per pod. At maturity, the seeds are threshed from the pod by a combine.

  • 4

    Deliver seeds to production facility

    Seeds are crushed to extract the oil (canola seed contains 35-45% oil), followed by several more processing steps to be ready for the consumer market as bottled canola oil. 

  • 5

    Pacific Northwest canola production

    The PNW produced 347 million pounds of canola in 2018, almost 10% of the total U.S. canola production. (USDA-NASS Crop Production Summary)

  • 6

    Added value

    The byproduct after crushing canola seed is used as a high-quality livestock feed.

growing process for canola

Canola Production in the PNW and United States

In 2018, an estimated 2 million acres of canola were planted in the U.S. with a national average yield of almost 1900 pounds per acre. This accounted for more than 3.6 billion pounds of canola production. In the four-state PNW region, canola was planted on 238,000 acres with an average yield of 1700 pounds per acre for a total production of 347 million pounds.